Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.

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On the road from Medina to Mecca, shelters, wells, and meal houses were constructed at every stage for the ease of the people who came for hajj. The Rashidun Caliphate is characterized by a twenty-five year period of rapid military rashireenfollowed by a five-year period of internal strife. The Muslims welcomed the peace and consolidated their control over the conquered territory.

Views Read Edit View history. Before Umar died, he appointed a committee of six men to decide on the next caliph, kuulfa charged them with choosing one of their own number. Some scholars add the Hasan ibn Ali as a fifth one. You said four, but listed five names. During the Khilafat Arabic: Buildings known as Bait-ul-Mal were constructed to house royal treasuries. Hence Umar felt it necessary that the officers be treated in a strict way as to prevent the possible greed for money that may lead them to corruption.

Then the clan of Abu Bakr, and in third place the clan of Umar. Initially the land was primarily used for pasture, but later buildings were constructed. With some initial success this army was finally defeated by the Sasanian army at the Battle of the Bridge in which Abu Ubaid was killed.

And may He not lead us astray after you. By Allah, if Fatimathe daughter of Muhammad my daughter stole, I would cut off her hand. Rashifeen Qadis were chosen for their integrity and learning in Islamic law.


The year 12 Hijri dawned on 18 March with the Arabian peninsula united under the caliph in Medina. Another hadith mentions that the number of years of the khilafah of the khulafa ar-rashideen will rashidern 30 years. These cities were laid in according with the principles of town planning.

When Persia was conquered three types of coins were current in the conquered territories, namely Baghli of eight dang; Tabari rashidesn four dang; and Maghribi of three dang. They said that an army possibly two hundred thousandstrong would soon emerge to recapture the province. Umar accepted the first two placements but delegated his clan lower down on the gashideen with reference to nearness in relationship to Muhammad.

The strongest corps, and the primary force of the Muslims, was the corps of Khalid ibn al-Walid. Khalid suggested that they should summon all of their forces present in the province of Syria Syria, Jordan, Palestine and to make a powerful joint force and then move towards the plain of Yarmouk for battle.

Category Islam portal Shia Islam portal. The last large garrison of the Byzantine army was at Fahl, which was joined by survivors of Ajnadayn. High salaries were fixed for the Qadis so that there was no temptation to bribery.

Ushr was levied on reciprocal basis on the goods of the traders of other countries who chose to trade in the Muslim dominions. Because of this, the following battle is known as the Battle of the Iron Bridge. The Muslim armies reached it in July In — on the orders of Uthman, an expedition was preparing to attack the Byzantine capital Constantinople but this plan was not carried out due to the civil war that broke out in Umar was the first Muslim ruler to levy ushr.

This battle proved to be the “Key to Palestine”.

A Study of the Early Caliphate. Rather, their election and leadership were based upon merit. The cavalry had both horses and camels.


What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange

As the Muslims were not able to overpower Makuria, they negotiated a peace with their king Qaladurut. This terminology khlufa into a general use around the world, since Sunni Islam has been the dominant Islamic tradition, and for a long time it has been considered the most authoritative source of information about Islam in the Western world.

You stood up firmly and bravely when his other Companions lost their resolve and became soft. Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site the association bonus does not count.

Rashidun Caliphate

Later during the year, Abu Ubaida sent Khalid and Iyad ibn Ghanm at the head of two separate armies against the western part of Jaziramost of which was conquered without strong resistance, including parts of Anatolia, Edessa and the area up to the Ararat plain. During the caliphate, the Muslims repaired many of the aging wells in the lands they conquered.

This was followed by gashideen attack on the house of Ali and Fatimah in an khulca to defeat any opposition to Abu Bakr.

Sunnis have long viewed the period of the Rashidun as exemplary and a system of governance—based upon Islamic righteousness and merit—they seek to emulate. However their advance was halted by a concentration of the Byzantine army at Ajnadayn.

Troubles emerged soon after Muhammad’s death, threatening the unity and stability of the new community and state.

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