In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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The defeated king also was invited to attend these sacrifice ceremonies, as a friend and ally. Classical Numismatic Group Inc. The first reference to the Angas is found in the Atharva-Veda where they find mention along with the MagadhasGandharis and the Mujavats, apparently as a despised people. The Surasena kingdom had lost its independence on annexation by the Magadhan empire.

Its kings allied with the Devatas in various wars against the Daityas, Rakshas, and Asuras. The Kambojas are known to have had both Iranian as well as Indian affinities. Misra theorizes that these smaller janas were conquered by and assimilated into the larger janas.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

The Kashis along with the Kosalas and Videhans find mention in Vedic texts and appear to have been a closely allied people. University of Calcutta, p. The Gandhara kingdom sometimes also included Kashmira.

The Pre-Buddhist north-west region of the Indian sub-continent was divided into several Janapadas demarcated from each other by boundaries. In ancient literature, the Kamboja is variously associated with the GandharaDarada and the Bahlika Bactria.



The Kamboja Mahajanapada of the Buddhist traditions refers to this cis-Hindukush branch of ancient Kambojas. This was the one and only conquest of Bimbisara.

While some of the janas evolved into their own janapadas, others appear to have mixed together to form a common Janapada. The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagara modern Bairat which is said to have been named after its founder king Virata. King Sujata ruled over both the Chedis and Matsyas, thus showing that Matsya once formed a part of the Chedi kingdom. XIII also attest that the Kambojas followed republican constitution. The Coinage of Ancient India.

University of Calcutta, pp. The country of Assaka lay outside the pale of Madhyadesa. The Mallas are maahjanapadas mentioned in Buddhist and Jain works.

There was no border security for a kingdom and border disputes were very rare.

There was, however, a struggle for supremacy between king Pasenadi Prasenajit and king Ajatashatru of Magadha which was finally settled once the confederation of Lichchavis became aligned with Magadha. According ianapadas the Jatakasthe capital of the Kurus was Indraprastha Indapatta near modern Delhi which extended seven leagues.

Late medieval period — Kosala was ultimately merged into Magadha when Vidudabha was Kosala’s ruler. Modern The Great Rebellionc. Views Read Edit View history. For example, Jayaswal has wrongly translated the word “amantra” in a Ramayana verse as “to offer advice”; it actually means “to bid farewell” in proper context.

Language, Material Culture and Ethnicity, p.

Mahajanapadas – Wikipedia

The head of a kingdom was called a rajan or king. Palaeolithic 2,—, BC Madrasian Culture. Chalcolithic — BC Anarta tradition.

Indian nationalist historians such as K. Early modern Mughal Dynastyc. It was the most important entreport of goods and passengers from the north-west and south. The Matsyas had not much political importance of their own during the time of Buddha. Retrieved 28 June Hittite pedan”place”. The Voice of Anga Desh”. Shah, the Gandhara and Kamboja were nothing but two provinces of one empire and were located coterminously, hence influencing each other’s language.


Other great kings were Prithu, Harishchandra, and Dilip, who are each mentioned in different Puranas, Ramayan, and Mahabharat. Geographical Data in the Early Puranasp. Part of a series on.

Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Culture. Tribes and kingdoms mentioned in the Mahabharata. At one time, Assaka included Mulaka and abutted Avanti.

Similarly, there were some tribes in the eastern regions of India considered to be in this category. Later, the kingdom was ruled by the famous king Prasenajit during the era of Mahavira and Buddha, followed by his son Vidudabha Mahakanapadas. The location of the capital city, Suktimatihas not been established with certainty.

Later on, Pataliputra jahajanapadas the capital of Magadha. The Sanskrit term janapada is a tatpurusha compound term, composed of two words: A coin of Takshashilaportrays a tree flanked by a hill surmounted by a crescent and a Nandipada above a swastika.

Colonial states — Portuguese India. Sometimes, large forests, which were larger than the kingdoms themselves, formed their boundaries as was the case of Naimisha Forestthe NaimishaAranyam between Panchala and Kosala kingdoms.

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