Alexander Gerschenkron was a Ukrainian-born American economic . In , Gerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, a cornerstone of his career, and of. C. P. KINDLEBERGER. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By A. GERSCHENKRON. Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Author: Zujin Aragrel
Country: Bulgaria
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 8 February 2010
Pages: 102
PDF File Size: 11.66 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.11 Mb
ISBN: 343-7-61794-188-6
Downloads: 97120
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Faern

He believes the Germans should include this program of the agricultural adjustment plan in the peace treaties and entrust its execution and supervision to an international economic agency.

He worked for the firm for three year, but then decided to commit himself to politics, in particular the Social Democrats. He did well, advancing to head of the International Section, until the decisive moment came in However, in the party ceased to exist after the Austrian Civil War.

His present reputation comes instead from his dedication to European economic history. There ideas for dissertations were discussed and quantitative techniques evaluated.

That provided perspfctive chance for him to assess each student early on through a brief visit to his office. CambridgeMassachusettsUnited States. Should one opt against the pressures of increasing globalization, and return to the industrial protection and import substitution of the past? But it began equivocally. England, the locus of the Industrial Revolution, could advance with free market guidance along the lines of Adam Smith.


I summarize it here in four hypotheses:. Related articles in Google Scholar. InGerschenkron and his family emigrated to the United States after the annexation of Austria to the German Reich. It all began, appropriately enough, with the Soviet Union.

Alexander Gerschenkron

Apparently disadvantageous initial conditions of access to capital could be overcome through new institutional arrangements. Gerschenkron was born in Odessa into an elite family of the Russian intelligentsia.

On the other side is the reality of declining international assistance from the already developed North. What has given it greater recent notice has been its broad scale generalization to the experience of the many late late-comers of the present Third World.

In a celebrated article, he found the Gerschenkron effect changing the base year for an index determines the growth rate of the index. By the mids, ten of his students, both in Soviet economics and economic history, prepared a Festschrift in his honor.

There were no equivalent stages of economic growth in all participants. First, in the s came the students who worked upon the Soviet Union. A Mixed Event Response Model.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

The collection of essays under review, which opens with the backwardndss thesis and closes with appendices on industrial development in Italy and Bulgaria with reflections on Soviet literature along the way — has achieved a hallowed acceptance.

It is awarded for the best dissertation in the pdrspective history of an area outside of the United States or Canada. With AIDS spreading rapidly throughout Africa, with malaria and other diseases recurring, with environmental degradation threatening, with a demographic transition that will begin to exert the pressure of an aging population, there is no lack of additional new problems that are pressing.


He defines the economic history of the problem as this: Four years later, he and his family would exit and join them, and hardly in easy circumstances.

Long-standing friendships were broken, as with John Kenneth Galbraith.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective — Alexander Gerschenkron | Harvard University Press

His early life was eventful. For others, his approach has often proved a useful starting point for the historical discussion of other backwarxness of the world, such as Henry Rosovsky did with Japan, and others, elsewhere. Three years later, he committed himself to politics and the Social Democrats. Rapid Soviet growth was not constructed on the basis of false statistics, but rather, inappropriate technique.

Gerschenkron spent twelve months researching and writing to help produce Gulick’s book, Austria: Born in Odessathen part of the Russian EmpireGerschenkron fled the country during the Russian Civil War in to Austriawhere he attended the University of Viennaearning a doctorate in But he was the best scholar I have known.

Author: admin