Tusculanae disputationes. Liber 1: Cicero’s Tusculan disputations, book first: the Dream of Scipio; and extracts from the Dialogues on old age and friendship. Disputationes Tusculanae – Primary Source Edition (Latin Edition) [Marcus Tullius Cicero, Reinhold Klotz] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Disputationes Tusculanae (Latin Edition) [Marcus Tullius Cicero, Reinhold Klotz] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book was originally.

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Tusculan Disputations is a series of five books written by Ciceroaround 45 BC, [1] attempting to popularise Greek philosophy in Ancient Romeincluding Stoicism.

His daughter had recently died and in mourning Cicero devoted himself to philosophical studies. The Tusculan Disputations consist of five books, each on a particular theme: On the contempt of death; On pain; On grief; On emotional disputationds and whether Virtue alone is sufficient for a happy life. In the year 45 BC, when Cicero was around 61 years of age, his daughter, Tulliadied following childbirth.

Cicero: Tusculan Disputations

In the first book Cicero sets up the fiction that they are the record of five days of discussions with his friends written after the recent departure of Brutus. The purpose of Cicero’s lectures is to fortify the mind with practical and philosophical lessons adapted to the circumstances of life, to elevate us above the influence of all its passions and pains.

In the first dialogue the auditor asserts that death is an evil, which Cicero proceeds to refute: Whichsoever of the opinions concerning the substance of the soul be true, it will follow, that death is either a good, or at least not an evil—for if it be brain, blood, or heart, it will perish with the whole body—if fire, it will be extinguished—if breath, it will be dissipated—if harmony, it will be broken—not to speak of those who affirm that it is nothing; but other opinions give hope, that the vital spark, after it has left the body, may mount tusxulanae to Heaven, as disputationds proper habitation.


Disputatione offers largely Platonist arguments for the soul’s immortality, and its ascent to the celestial regions where it will traverse all space—receiving, in its boundless flight, infinite enjoyment. In the second dialogue the same guest announces that pain is an evil. Cicero argues that its sufferings may be overcome, not by the use of Epicurean maxims,—”Short if severe, and light if long,” but by fortitude and patience; and he censures those philosophers who have represented pain in too formidable colours, tusculznae reproaches disputatioes poets who have described their heroes as yielding to its influence.

Tusculanae Disputationes – Wikipedia

Gusculanae the third book, Cicero treats of the best alleviations of sorrow. Cicero’s treatment of this is closely parallel to that of pain. The fourth book treats those passions and vexations which Cicero considers as diseases of the soul.

These Cicero classes under the four Stoic divisions: In the fifth book Cicero attempts to prove that virtue alone is sufficient for happiness. Here his opinion coincides largely with the Stoic view, more so than in some of his other works such as De Finibus written shortly before.


The work contains frequent allusion to ancient fable, the events of Greek and Roman history, and the memorable sayings of heroes and sages. The rhetor ‘s theme De contemptu mundion the contempt of the world, disphtationes taken up by Boethius in the troubled closing phase of Late Antiquity and by Bernard of Cluny in the first half of the 12th century. Thomas Jefferson included the “Tusculan questions”, along with Cicero’s De Officiisin his list of recommendations to Robert Skipwith of books for a general personal library.

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Tusculanae Disputationes Tusculanae Disputationes illuminated manuscript. Stoicism in classical latin literature. Retrieved 5 January A Virginia Gentleman’s Library.

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