Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure defense mechanisms. Although commonly used, the. J Nerv Ment Dis. Feb;(2) Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents. Ruuttu T(1), Pelkonen M, Holi M. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On May 1, , H Chabrol and others published Validity study of DSQ (Defense Style Questionnaire. The item version).

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Archives of General Psychiatry43 8— The relationship between perceived school climate and the prevalence of bullying behavior in Greek schools: Further, it was found that defense mechanisms are related to perceived parental acceptance and rejection. Permission to conduct the research was granted by the Defeense Ministry of Education.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents.

As discriminant validity indicates also the ability of a scale to distinguish different groups of individuals, we performed three separate logistic regression analyses see Table 5 to investigate whether individual scores in the four Defense Styles Immature, Mature, Image-distorting and Neurotic could predict: Unlocking the mysteries of psychological wealth. Contributed by The first two authors have contributed equally to the paper. Psychological defense and self-esteem instability: Archives of General Psychiatry33 5— However, when focusing on particular defenses this was the case only for anticipation previous studies indicate a higher score in suppression while for two image-distorting defense mechanisms, namely denial and dissociation.


Perhaps, intense anxieties and impulses stir in an intense need to displace and reside with passive aggression and splitting possibly strongly reinforced by the underlying Oedipal fears Waddell, ; 6 th graders avoid the recognition of some aspects of external reality to protect themselves from excessive anxieties, using dissociation.

We found that 5 th graders scored higher in the Neurotic factor and less use in the Immature factor.

This version was further modified to a short item questionnaire corresponding to 20 defense mechanisms which were organized into three second order factors: Construct Validity Table 4 presents the correlation coefficients between each of the four DSQ defense styles.

Discriminant Validity We also compared defeense of defenses between genders; girls reported less use of mature and image-distorting styles than did boys. Interestingly, age differences were significant for defense styles, although the age range in the current sample was very small.

This finding implies that the odds ratios of these predictors.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ-40) in adolescents.

The consistency of our findings with the only, comprehensive study on the exploration of the factor structure of the DSQ in adolescents Ruuttu et al. Journal of Research in Personality42— Empirical study of self-rated defense styles.

Issues of suestionnaire and confidentiality were particularly highlighted, along with the voluntary participation in the study. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology28— The mentalization-focused approach to social development. Next, we examined the scree plot as proposed by Cattell as a graphical method for determining the number of factors.


Longitudinal study of defense mechanisms: Lastly, we considered the interpretability of the sryle by examining the factor pattern loadings Table 2. A developmental and life course model. The psychometric properties of the DSQ have not been widely explored in younger populations, apart from a fine-grained study carried out by Ruuttu and colleagues The present study failed to support the three factor solution suggested in the original study Andrews et al.

This finding implies that the odds ratios of these predictors 1. Comprehensive Psychiatry51 6— Possibly, boys fail to acknowledge some aspects of external reality denial, dissociation while girls seem to reside to less pathological defense mechanisms.

Defense Style Questionnaire

Current research on interpersonal acceptance pp. Perhaps, the lower alpha coefficients are affected by the fewer items comprising these two styles Zeigler-Hill et al.

Journal of Youth and Adolescence29 3—

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