Violet Red Bile Agar. M Violet Red Bile Agar is selective medium used for the isolation, detection and enumeration of coli-aerogenes bacteria in water, milk. Violet Red Bile Agar (VRB Agar). APHA / COMPF / IDF-FIL / ISO Medium for the detection and enumeration of coliforms in milk and other dairy products. Violet Red Bile Agar is used for the enumeration of coliforms in food and the presumptive test for coliforms uses Violet Red Bile Agar, (VRBA).

Author: Shaktizuru Voodoojar
Country: Tunisia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 2 August 2011
Pages: 289
PDF File Size: 14.13 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.49 Mb
ISBN: 297-3-14698-380-6
Downloads: 8708
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dar

Non-lactose-fermenting microorganisms result in colorless colonies.

Heat in waterbath until melted. Consult listed references for information concerning inoculation procedures.

Violet Red Bile Agar (VRBA) -Lab M

American Public Health Association. Consult listed references for information on sample collection. Non-lactose-fermenting microorganisms produce colorless colonies.

For melting bottled media: Alternatively, a covered, boiling waterbath degrees C. The medium contains bile salts and crystal violet which serve as inhibitory agents toward some gram-positive microorganisms, especially staphylococci. Standard microbiological supplies and equipment such as loops, slides, staining atar, Lauryl Sulfate Broth, other culture media, microscopes, incinerators, and vrg, etc. Neutral red is employed as the pH indicator.


Place a 1ml inoculation into a sterile petri plate. Growth; pink to red colonies, may have a slight precipitate around colonies colonies. Aseptically inoculate agar surface with 0.

Melt agar by placing in a boiling waterbath until liquified. Enterococci may grow, and if so, usually appear pinpoint in size and rose colored. This product is not intended to be used for the diagnosis of human disease. The vfb is recommended for use in the microbiological analysis of milk and other dairy products, and for use in the examination of water.

Using a sterile spreader device, distribute the inoculum evenly over the agar surface. Hardy Diagnostics Violet Red Bile Agar is recommended for the detection of coliforms in food or dairy products. U Violet Red Bile Agar, 8oz. Carefully swirl the plate to mix the inoculum evenly.

Surface colonies of Escherichia coli appear as entire-edged colonies, while deep colonies appear lens-shaped.

Violet Red Bile Agar is a selective medium used to detect and enumerate lactose-fermenting coliform microorganisms. Media should not be used if there are any signs of deterioration shrinking, cracking, or vbrcontamination, or if the expiration date has passed. A covered waterbath will help to reach and maintain the temperature.


Violet Red Bile Agar contains a low concentration of bile salts, and therefore is not completely specific for enterics. Allow medium to warm to room temperature prior to inoculation. Colonies of Enterobacter aerogenes often appear mucoid and pinkish in color.

Experimental Results: Experiment 4

Lactose-fermenting microorganisms produce pink to red colonies that are generally surrounded by a reddish zone of precipitated bile. Product is light and temperature sensitive; protect from light, excessive heat, moisture, and freezing. Lactose-fermenting microorganisms, including coliforms, produce pink to red colonies that are generally zgar by a reddish zone of precipitated bile. Spread the dilution evenly over the surface of the medium.

Prepare decimal dilutions in sterile diluent to obtain CFU per plate. There should be enough water in the waterbath to reach the media line.

Author: admin