ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

Author: Zuluzil Mezimi
Country: Canada
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Relationship
Published (Last): 28 November 2013
Pages: 484
PDF File Size: 3.52 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.39 Mb
ISBN: 688-4-58955-261-6
Downloads: 4624
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gardami

Conscience and History in a World Civilization.

In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. In he sl-biruni to South Asia and authored a study of Indian culture Tahqiq ma li-l-hind Adding all the titles in the index, as well as those found later, brings his total production to titles, each averaging about 90 folios.

American Federation of Astr. Most of the works of Al-Biruni are in Arabic although he wrote one of his masterpieces, the Kitab al-Tafhim apparently in both Persian and Arabic, showing his mastery over both languages.

Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light.

Al Biruni Stock Photos & Al Biruni Stock Images – Alamy

Al-Biruni births deaths Medieval Persian astrologers Medieval Persian astronomers Medieval Persian geographers Medieval Persian mathematicians Persian philosophers 10th-century mathematicians 11th-century mathematicians 11th-century historians 11th-century geographers Astronomers of medieval Islam Geographers of medieval Islam Astrologers of medieval Islam Alchemists of medieval Islam Mathematicians of medieval Islam Islamic philosophers Scientists who al-birumi on Qibla determination Indologists Iranian anthropologists Historians of Pakistan Historians of India 11th-century astronomers 10th-century Iranian people Ghaznavid scholars Samanid scholars Muslim inventors Inventors of medieval Islam 10th-century Muslims 11th-century Muslims Giftedness.


Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Moreover, Hindus in 11th century India had suffered waves of destructive attacks on many of its cities, and Islamic armies had taken numerous Hindu slaves to Persia, which—claimed Al-Biruni—contributed to Hindus becoming suspicious of all foreigners, not just Muslims.

Internet URLs are the best.


At the same time, Al-Biruni was also critical of Indian scribes who he believed carelessly corrupted Indian documents while making copies of older documents. He observed that flowers have 3,4,5,6, or 18 petals, but never 7 or 9.

He capped that particular discussion with a solution to the rather sophisticated spherical trigonometric problem of determining the direction of Mecca along the local horizon at Ghazna. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource. Al-birui also theorized that the landmass must be inhabited by human beings, which he deduced from his knowledge of humans inhabiting the broad north-south band stretching from Russia to South India and Sub-Saharan Africatheorizing al-birubi the landmass would most likely lie along the same band.

Please try again later. His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs.

The work includes research on a vast array of topics of Indian culture, including descriptions of their traditions and customs. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: Thank You for Your Contribution!

Many consider Al-Biruni one of the greatest scientists in history, and especially al-birun Islam because of his discoveries and methodology. Only a minuscule number of his output, 22 titles, has survived, and only about half raihaan that has been published. Alhazen’s problem Islamic geometric patterns. The phenomena of statics were studied by using the dynamic approach so that two trends — statics and dynamics — turned out to be inter-related within a single science, mechanics. According to Akbar S.


Help us improve this article! Al-Biruni collected books and studied with these Hindu scholars to become fluent in Sanskrit, discover and translate into Arabic the mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy and other fields of arts as practiced in 11th-century India. I do think if one talk about effect of temperature on marine life, then the solubility of oxygen and carbon… The Saljuq and Mongol Periods.

Al-Biruni – Wikipedia

Like most scientists of the era, he was a la-biruni, excelling and writing about various topics from astrology and al-birnui to geology and anthropology. Pages with citations lacking titles CS1 Croatian-language sources hr CS1 French-language sources fr Articles with short description Articles with hCards Articles containing Persian-language text Articles containing Arabic-language text All articles with unsourced al-iruni Articles with unsourced statements from July CS1 errors: He has been considered as one of the very greatest scientists of Islam, and, all considered, one of the greatest of all times.

World War II, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years — He also wrote notable books on chronology and history. He developed a method for trisection of angle and other problems which cannot be solved with a ruler and a compass alone. Next post Muslim science heritage exhibitions comes to Doha. Retrieved 10 November University of Chicago Press.

Author: admin