There were 16 mahajanapadas / kingdoms which are mentioned in the ancient literature and scriptures. It must be noted here that these sixteen. Many prominent ancient Buddhist texts make frequent references to the ’16 great kingdoms’ (mahajanapadas) that flourished between the sixth. Find 16 Mahajanapadas map, refers to sixteen great nations exist before the start of Buddhism in India.

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Vaishali modern Basarh in Vaishali District of North Bihara prosperous town located 25 miles north of river Ganga and 38 miles from Rajagrihawas the capital of Licchhavis and the political headquarters of powerful Varijian confederacy.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

Its capital was Indraprastha present-day Delhiwhich was known for people with sound health and deep wisdom. Geographical Data in the Early Puranasp. Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Culture. Mahajxnapadas branch of Matsya is also found in later days in Visakhapatnam region.

Rachana Rathore November 5, at 9: In Buddha’s time, Mahajanapadass was located on the banks of the Godavari river and was the only mahajanapada south of Vindhya mountains. Jainism had already reached many parts of India. Buddhist and Jaina texts refer to the Mahajanapadas only incidentally. The Mallas of the Malla kingdom are often described as powerful people who dwelled in Northern South Asia. Assaka or Ashmaka was located on the Dakshinapatha or southern high road, outside the pale of Madhyadesa.


Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate. February 27th, 12 Comments.

Avantiputra, the king of Surasena, was the first among the chief disciples of Buddha through whose help, Buddhism gained ground in Mathura country. The first reference to the Angas is found in the Atharva-Veda where they are mentioned along with the Magadhas, Gandharis and the Mujavats, all apparently as a mxhajanapadas people.

The Kambojas are known to have had both Iranian as well as Indian affinities.

The Ashmakas are also mentioned by Panini and placed in the north-west in the Markendeya Purana and the Brhat Samhita. The Kasis along with the Kosalas and Videhans are mentioned in Vedic texts and appear to have been closely allied peoples.

Mahajanapadas Map

Retrieved 29 October The river Indus watered the lands of Gandhara. Its location at the centre of the highways of trade of those days contributed to its wealth. The country of the Surasenas lay to the east of Matsya and west of Yamuna. According to these texts, Koshala was the most powerful and biggest kingdom ever in the recorded history. Iron Age — BC.

The Sixteen Mahajanpadas – History Study Material & Notes

The country was divided into Uttara-Panchala and Dakshina-Panchala. The Pre-Buddhist north-west region of the Indian sub-continent was divided into several Janapadas demarcated from each other by boundaries. Kausambi was a prosperous city and the residence of a large number of wealthy mahajanapaxas resided. Literally Mahjanapadas means ‘Great Kingdoms’.

Vol I, mahajanapadqsVol IV, pp, etc. Early Vedic texts speak of several Janas, or tribesof Aryans, organized as semi-nomadic tribal states, fighting among themselves and with other non-Aryan tribes for cattlesheep and green pastures. Apart from Vaishali, which was its capital city, Vajji also housed popular ancient cities like Hatthigama, Bhoganagara, and Kundapura.


I am not exam aspirant. Two of them were most probably ganatantras republics and others had forms of monarchy. It was a great center of trade and commerce and its merchants regularly sailed to distant Mahajanaoadas.

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According to the Mahabharata and the Puranas, the earliest ruling dynasty of Magadha was founded by king Brihadratha, but Magadha came into prominence only under king Bimbisara and his son Ajatasatru ruled B. All these factors helped Magadha to emerge as the most prosperous state of that period. King Sujata ruled over both the Chedis and Matsyas, thus showing that Matsya once formed a part of the Chedi kingdom.

Late medieval Delhi Sultanatec. Periods of Sri Lanka Prehistory. Aitareya Brahmana locates the Kurus in Madhyadesha and also refers to the Uttarakurus as living beyond the Himalayas.

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